why novel coronavirus

why novel coronavirus: Official names have been introduced for the virus chargeable for COVID-19 (beforehand often called “2019 novel coronavirus”) and the illness it causes.  The official names are:

Disease 
coronavirus illness 
COVID-19


Virus 

why novel coronavirus
why novel coronavirus

extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 
(SARS-CoV-2)

Why do the virus and the illness have totally different names? 

Viruses, and the ailments they trigger, usually have totally different names.  For instance, HIV is the virus that causes AIDS.  People usually know the title of illness, however not the title of the virus that causes it.

There are totally different processes, and functions, for naming viruses and ailments.

Viruses are named primarily based on their genetic construction to facilitate the event of diagnostic exams, vaccines, and medicines. Virologists and the broader scientific group do that work, so viruses are named by the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV).  

Diseases are named to allow dialogue on illness prevention, unfold, transmissibility, severity, and therapy. Human illness preparedness and response is WHO’s position, so ailments are formally named by WHO within the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).

ICTV introduced “severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)” because of the title of the brand new virus on 11 February 2020.  This title was chosen as a result of the virus is genetically associated with the coronavirus chargeable for the SARS outbreak of 2003.  While associated, the 2 viruses are totally different.   

WHO introduced “COVID-19” because of the title of this new illness on 11 February 2020, following pointers beforehand developed with the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).

WHO and ICTV had been in communication concerning the naming of each the virus and the illness.

What title does WHO use for the virus?

From a threat communications perspective, utilizing the title SARS can have unintended penalties by way of creating pointless concern for some populations, particularly in Asia which was worst affected by the SARS outbreak in 2003. 

For that cause and others, WHO has begun referring to the virus as “the virus responsible for COVID-19” or “the COVID-19 virus” when speaking with the general public.  Neither of those designations is supposed as replacements for the official title of the virus as agreed by the ICTV.

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Material revealed earlier than the virus was formally named is not going to be up to date until essential to be able to keep away from confusion.

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