Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Adults : Normally, your pancreas releases insulin when your blood sugar, or “blood glucose“, becomes high – after a meal, for example. This signals your body to absorb glucose until the level returns to normal.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Adults: But if you have diabetes, your body does not make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or does not respond normally (type 2 diabetes). Which can leave your blood sugar too long? Over time, it can damage nerves and blood vessels and lead to heart disease and other problems.
If you have diabetes, your doctor may test you at home with a special device called a blood glucose monitor or home blood sugar meter to keep track of your blood sugar. It usually takes a small sample of blood from the tip of your finger and measures the amount of glucose in it.
Follow your doctor’s instructions about the best way to use your device.
Your doctor will tell you when and how to test your blood sugar. Every time you do it, log it into a notebook or online tool or app. Time of day, recent activity, your last meal and other things can all affect whether reading will be a concern for your doctor. Then try logging the relevant information:
What medicine and dose did you take
What did you eat, when did you eat, or were you fasting
How much, how intense and what kind of exercise you were doing, if any
This will help you and your doctor see how your treatment is working.
Managing type 1 and type 2 diabetes well can delay or prevent complications affecting your eyes, kidneys, and nerves. Diabetes doubles your risk for heart disease and stroke. Fortunately, controlling your blood sugar will reduce the likelihood of these problems.
However, tight blood sugar control means more chances of low blood sugar levels, so your doctor may suggest a higher goal.
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