What is a fungal infection
fungal infection of skin, also called mycosis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus.
There are millions of species of fungi. They live in dirt, on plants, on home surfaces and on your skin. Sometimes, they can give rise to skin problems such as rashes or bumps.
Symptoms of fungal infection
A fungal skin infection may cause:
Types of fungal infections
Fungal skin infections can occur anywhere on your body. Some of the most common are athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm, and yeast infection.
Athlete’s foot, also known as tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of your foot.
The fungus grows best in warm, moist places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. They are often found in summer and in hot, humid climates. This is more often in people who wear tight shoes, who do not change their sweaty socks, and who use public baths and pools.
It Causes the athlete’s foot.
The fungus behind the athlete’s foot lives on the dead tissue of your hair, the toes, and the outer skin layers. At least four types of fungi can cause infection. The most common trichophyton is the rubrum.
Symptoms of athlete’s foot
The symptoms of athlete’s foot vary from person to person. You may have:
• Peeling, breakdown and crusted feet
• Skin that is red, soft, or broken
Types of athlete’s foot
• Interdigital. It is also called toe infection. Most people with athlete’s foot have this form. It is usually between your two shortest toes. The infection can spread to the sole of your foot.
• Moccasin. This form may begin with irritation, dryness, itching, or scaly skin. Over time, your skin may become thick and crack. This infection can involve your entire sole and extend to the sides of your foot.
• Vesicular. It is the rarest type of athlete’s foot. It usually starts with a sudden outbreak of fluid-filled blisters, often on the underside of your foot. They can also appear between your toes, on your heel, or above your foot.
Diagnosis of athlete’s foot
Not all itchy, flaky feet are caused by a fungus. Your doctor may scrape off a little of the skin and look at it under a microscope to examine a different condition.
Treatment of athlete’s foot
Your doctor may give you another type of antifungal medicine to take on your skin or in severe cases by mouth. Be sure to keep your feet clean and dry.
Athlete’s foot prevention
To avoid getting athlete’s foot, wear shower sandals in public bathing areas, wear shoes that allow your feet to breathe and wash your feet with soap and water every day. Dry them well, and use a quality foot powder.
A type of fungal jock called tinea causes itching. The infection is also known as tinea crus. Teenia loves hot, moist areas like your genitals, inner thighs and buttocks. Infection occurs more frequently in summer or in hot, wet climates.
Jock itch is a red, itchy rash that is often ring-shaped.
Is jock itch contagious?
It is only mildly contagious. It can spread from one person to another through direct contact or through objects with fungi on them.
Symptoms of jock itch
Symptoms of jock itch include:
• Itching, tingling or burning on your waist or thigh
• Red, rounded, granular with raised edges
• Redness on your waist or thigh
• Skin rash, peeling or breakage
Diagnosis of jock itch
Doctors can usually diagnose what it looks like and where it is on your body. They can be sure to look at the skin sample under a microscope.
Treatment of jock itch
Keep the affected area clean and dry. Over-the-counter antifungal drugs can treat most cases of jock itch. In severe cases, your doctor may need to give you a prescription cream. No matter your treatment, make sure that:
• Wash and dry the area with a clean towel
• Use antifungal medicine as directed
• Change clothes – especially your underwear – every day
Ringworm, also known as tinea corporis, is not a worm but a fungal skin infection. It is named for a circular-shaped granule with a curved, worm-like edge.
Is Ringworm Contagious?
Ringworm can be spread by direct contact with infected people or animals. You can also pick it up with clothes or furniture. Heat and humidity can help spread infection.
Symptoms of herpes
Ringworm is a red, spherical, flattened sour that may occur with flaky skin. The outer part of the throat may become erect when the skin is normal in the middle. Patches or red rings may overlap.
Diagnosis of herpes
Your doctor can diagnose herpes based on your symptoms. They may ask if you have come in contact with infected people or animals. They can also take samples from the field and view them under a microscope to be sure.
Treatment of herpes
Treatment usually involves antifungal medicines that you apply to your skin. You can use an over-the-counter cream such as:
- Miconazole (microtin, monistat-derm)
- Terbinafine (Lamisil)
In more severe cases, you may need prescription medications to apply to your skin or to take by mouth.
Yeast infection of your skin is called cutaneous candidiasis. A type of fungus called Candida causes these infections when it grows too much. Yeast infections are not contagious.
Infections are most common in the warm, moist, compacted areas of your body, including your armpits and groin. They often occur in people who are obese or have diabetes. People taking antibiotics are also at greater risk.
Candida can cause diaper rash in infants. It can also cause infections in your nails, vagina or mouth (oral thrush).
Symptoms of yeast infection
Symptoms of a yeast infection on your skin include:
Patches that drain clear fluids
Symptoms of a yeast infection in your nail beds include:
A white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed
Signs of thrush (yeast infection of your mouth) include:
White patches on your tongue and inside your cheeks
Symptoms of a vaginal yeast infection include:
White or yellow discharge from your vagina
Redness in the outer area of your vagina
Diagnosis of yeast infection
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical examination. They can also take a sample from the affected area for viewing under the microscope.
Treatment depends on infection. Medicinal creams can treat most skin yeast infections. For vaginal infections, you can usually use a medicated suppository. A medicated mouthwash or lozenge that dissolves in your mouth can treat oral thrush. If you have a severe infection or weakened immune system, you may need anti-yeast medications that you take by mouth.
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